Monetary Policy & Inflation | US

US Treasury yields rose on Friday as investors digested comments from several Federal Reserve (Fed) speakers and their implications for the next Fed rate hike on 1 February. Notably, speeches from Brainard (voter, dove) and Williams (voter, dove) implied support for a 25bp hike.

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US Treasury yields rose on Friday as investors digested comments from several Federal Reserve (Fed) speakers and their implications for the next Fed rate hike on 1 February. Notably, speeches from Brainard (voter, dove) and Williams (voter, dove) implied support for a 25bp hike. Considering FOMC participants’ comments, Dominique has changed her expectation to a 25bp hike at the 1 February FOMC meeting from 50bp, in line with expectations – though she still expects Q4 GDP (to be released on 26 January) to surprise on the upside.

Turning to market moves, US 10Y yields closed the week at 3.48% (+5bps WoW) compared to 4.14% (+2bps WoW) for the 2Y and 4.57% (+7bps WoW) for the 3M. The magnitude of the 2s10s inversion sits at -66bps while that of the 3M10Y part of the yield curve sits at -109bps. The probability of recession increases with yield curve inversion.

Our recession model, which uses the 2Y10Y part of the yield curve, assigns an 87% chance of a recession within the next twelve months (Charts 1 and 3). It has signalled, at least, an 86% chance of recession consistently since mid-November 2022. Meanwhile, the Fed recession model, which uses the 3M10Y part of the yield curve, produces a 58% chance of recession (Chart 2). Notably, both models are producing recession probabilities higher than that of the 2007-2008 Global Financial Crisis (GFC).

## Background to Models

We introduced two models for predicting US recessions using the slope of the US yield curve. When long-term yields start to fall towards or below short-term yields, the curve flattens or inverts. This has often predicted a recession in subsequent months. Our model is based on the 2s10s curve compared to a model from the Fed that is based on 3M10Y curve. We believe that the 2Y better captures expectations for Fed hikes in coming years and is therefore more forward-looking.

*Dalvir Mandara is a Quantitative Researcher at Macro Hive. Dalvir has a BSc Mathematics and Computer Science and an MSc Mathematical Finance both from the University of Birmingham. His areas of interest are in the applications of machine learning, deep learning and alternative data for predictive modelling of financial markets.*

*Bilal Hafeez is the CEO and Editor of Macro Hive. He spent over twenty years doing research at big banks – JPMorgan, Deutsche Bank, and Nomura, where he had various “Global Head” roles and did FX, rates and cross-markets research.*

*(The commentary contained in the above article does not constitute an offer or a solicitation, or a recommendation to implement or liquidate an investment or to carry out any other transaction. It should not be used as a basis for any investment decision or other decision. Any investment decision should be based on appropriate professional advice specific to your needs.)*

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